The New Year is the time for new beginnings and wrapping up old ones.
The New Year was 1789, and the first election for President of the United States was held from Monday, December 15, 1788 to Saturday, January 10, 1789. It was the only election to take place partially in a year that was not a multiple of four.
On January 7, 1789 the first President of The United States was elected. At the time there were no real political parties. Candidates were either Federalists, meaning they supported the ratification of the Constitution, or Anti-Federalists, meaning they opposed ratification. In reality both sides were united in supporting George Washington as president. The only real issue to be decided was who would be chosen as vice president. Under the system then in place, each elector cast two votes. If a person received a vote from a majority of the electors, that person became president and the runner up became vice president. All 69 electors cast one vote each for Washington. Their other votes were divided among the other eleven candidates. The candidates were: George Washington, Independent; John Adams, Federalist; John Jay, Federalist; Robert H. Harrison, Federalist; John Rutledge, Federalist; John Hancock, Federalist; George Clinton, Anti-Federalist; Samuel Huntington, Federalist; John Milton, Federalist; James Armstrong, Federalist; Benjamin Lincoln, Federalist; and Edward Telfair, Anti-Federalist. John Adams received the most votes of the eleven candidates and became George Washington's vice president.
In 1804 the Twelfth Amendment was ratified requiring each elector to cast distinct votes for president and vice president.
With the thought of new beginnings and wrapping up old ones, here are a couple of quotes to start the New Year.
"Although no one can go back and make a brand new start, anyone can start from now and make a brand new ending." Carl Bard
"Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things that you didn't do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover." Mark Twain